Built in 1199 AD, the sky scraping Qutub Minar symbolizes the military
power of Turo-Afghan Slave Dynasty. The heritage site is a brilliant example
of Indo-Islamic architectural style and is said to have been inspired by the
minaret of Jam in Afghanistan. The must-see attractions of Qutub Minar are
Iron Pillar, Alai Minar, Tomb of Iitutmish and Tomb of Iman Zamin.
It is said that Agra Fort is the inspiration for all forts and palaces
built during the bygone Mughal dynasty. The majestic citadel highlights the
achievement of Mughal King Akbar. And, with the establishment of fort, Agra
received a new name Akbarabad. The red sandstone structure has some notable
corners to visit. Jahangiri Mahal, Khas Mahal, Anguri Bagh, Mussaman Burj,
Diwan-i-Khas, Machhi Bhavan, Diwan-i-Am, Nagina Masjid, Nina Masjid and Moti
Masjid are a few to name.
Built by Mughal Emperor Akbar, the magnificent city is situated 37 kms from
Agra in the state of Uttar Pradesh. There are two distinct complexes in
Fatehpur Sikri; the first beholds the beauty of royal palaces, the harem and
the official and the second part is remarkable for the dargah of a Sufi
saint, Sheikh Salim Chishti, a mosque and a giant gateway. Diwani-i-Khas,
Hawa Mahal, Bamusa Mahal, Jami Masjid, Panch Mahal, Khwabgah, Diwan-i-Am,
Buland Darwaza etc are major attractions of Fatehpur Sikri.
The temple town of Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh highlights human passion in
the form of stone-cut architecture. Built in Nagara style of temple
architecture, the chain of temples are the largest group of medieval Hindu
and Jain Temples, best known for their erotic sculptures. The shrines were
built under the Chandela Kings, between AD 950 and AD 1050.
Ellora Cave is one of the explored monumental caves in the whole world. The
archaeological site is situated 30 km from the city of Aurangabad in
Maharashtra. Altogether 34 caves has been brought into notice, of which 12
are Buddhist, 17 Hindu and 5 Jain. The caves are brilliant example of Indian
Churches of Goa
The smallest state of India, Goa lure tourist from different parts of the
world. The lime-washed churches in old Goa, reflects the impact of
Portuguese, who ruled over the state for about 450 years. Church and Convent
of St. Cajetan, Church of St. Monica, Church of St. Francis of Assisi,
Church of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception, Church and Monastery of St.
Augustine, Basilica of Bom Jesus etc are historic places of worship.
Also known as Humayun ka Maqbara, the tomb is the first full dome in Mughal
architectural record. It was commissioned Mughal Emperor Humayun's wife,
Hamida Banu Begum in 1562 CE. The complex building stands on a eight-meter
high platform. Its high rubble walls encloses a square garden divided into
four large squares, each separated by causeways and water channels.
17th century, Taj Mahal has been attracting travelers, visiting India from
different parts of the world. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1633 began
constructing this memorial to his beloved Queen Mumtaz Mahal. It is said
that about 20,000 workers put their toilsome effort and completed it around
1653. The most amazing attraction of the epitome are ornate pietra dura,
floral carvings and the calligraphy of Koranic verses, inscribed on the
arches to entrance.
The Great Stupa at Sanchi reflects the rise and spread of Buddhism in
India. This giant red dome is situated in the district of Raisen in Madhya
Pradesh, 46 kms away from Bhopal. Stupas were originally built over the
relics of the Buddha and later, Emperor Ashoka, is said to have constructed
84, 000 stupas of which the Sanchi Stupas are popular world wide.
Dating back to 2nd century BCE, the rock-cut Ajanta Caves in Maharashtra
has sculptures and paintings that depicts the life of Lord Gautam Buddha and
all allegorical Jataka tales, related to Buddha. Hinayana caves numbered 9,
10, 8, 12, 13, 15, 19 and 26, while Mahayana monasteries labeled 1, 2, 16
and 17 are prominent areas to get around.
A dark cave on a tiny Elephanta Island in the Arabian Sea near
Mumbai(Maharashtra) home to rock-cut sculptures, built sometime, in the 8th
century. Elaphanta cave is dedicated to Lord Shiva and images carved out
inside it shows His myriad moods. One of the eight panels depicts the Lord
of Universe with his consort, Parvati. The temple is situated 75 meters
above jetty level and is said to have followed the pattern of the Dumar Lena
cave in Ellora.
Once the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire, Hampi is sprinkled with the
glorious past of India. This village of bare rock is situated beside the
swift of Tungabhadra river in Northern Karnataka. Important places like
Nageshwara Temple, Madhavan Palace, supported with more than 1, 000,000
pillars, Elephant stables, Lotus Temple, Zenana enclosure, Archaeological
Museum at Kamalapura, Bhima's Gate, Lotus Mahal and lot more highlights the
life and power of erstwhile rulers.
Sun Temple Konark
The 13th century Sun Temple at Konark in Orissa is a chariot for the Sun
God. The temple is a masterpiece of Orissan style of architecture. Walking
around it offer the closest glimpse of seven horses, that symbolizes the
days of the week and the twelve wheels, that talks about the month of a
year. Stone-cut images of musicians, dancers, mythical beasts, kings,
queens, nymphs, deities and a few erotic sculptures are created in different
corners of the temple.
Darjeeling Himalayan Railway
The tiny smoke -spewing locomotive Engine heaves the zig-zag mountains of
Darjeeling and offers dream-like rail journey to its passengers. The narrow
gauge of the track is 2 feet and offer service from Siliguri to Darjeeling
in West Bengal. Also, known as the Toy Train, it was constructed
between 1879 and 1881. Later, in 1999, the train(DHR) has been enlisted by
UNESCO in the World Heritage Site.